. . 8. . 1. 1999. . 89-97.

 

 

.. , .. , .. , ..

Rose-coloured Starling in the Crimea. - S.Yu. Kostin, M.M. Beskaravayniy, Yu.A. Andryushchenko, N.A. Tarina. - Berkut. 8 (1). 1999. - The literature and original data on migration, nesting and feeding of the Rose-coloured Starling in the Crimea are summarised. The spring migration occurs during 2 and 3 decades of May, proceeding sometimes prior to the beginning of June. Basic biotopes in this period are steppe, forest belts and open woodlands. The average date of the first meetings in Crimea Mountains is 19.05, in plains - 15.05, maximal duration of the migration period is 28 days. Postbreeding meetings were mainly registered in the flat part of Crimea. Two nesting areas in natural biotopes, located on Kerch and Tarkhancut peninsulas are known, where two types of stations, rocky cliffs and large-stoned landslides are used. In 1992-1998 13 breeding points in anthropogenous biotopes, under roofs of the deserted farms and in heaps of a building stone have been registered. Three breeding areas situated on Kerch peninsula (7 colonies), Tarkhancut peninsula (6 colonies) and North Crimea (3 colonies) have been established in this period. The maximal number is noted in 1996 (11 colonies). The breeding period usually begins at 2-3 decades of May (sometimes earlier). Fluctuations of breeding dates at different pairs in the same colony occurs around one week, long-term fluctuations does around a month. Cereals are used for constructing nests in the natural biotopes. Coldproof material is used under roofs of farms. There are 4-5 eggs per clutch. The average size of eggs is 28,0 20,7 mm. Orthoptera predominate in the diet. Juicy fruits are significant component in a diet of adult birds, and, in some areas, in a diet of nestlings, too. [Russian].

Key words: Rose-coloured Starling, the Crimea, ecology, distribution, migration, breeding, feeding.

Address: S.Yu. Kostin, Partisanskaya str. 23/108, 334270 Alushta, Crimea, Ukraine.

 

(Sturnus roseus) , (1994). , .

, , . , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. .

, , : .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , .. , . .

 

 

, , (, 1891/1892; , 1898; , 1983). ( ) ( ) .

( ) (, 1898; - - ), , , 5.05.1914 . . ( ).

 

1

 

Materials of observations on the spring migration of the Rose-coloured Starling in the

mountainous Crimea

 

. -

Year Dates Place Counted Max. number Source

birds and date of information

 

1957 18.05 5 ..

1958 17.05 . 20-25 ..

1960 4.06 ..

1969 21.05 -,

. 1 ..

1971 28.05 >=150 ..

1979 23.05 - 15

1981 19-29.05 - 20 (28.05)

1982 18-26.05 - 26 20 (18.05)

1983 23.05-1.06 - 55 40 (23.05)

1984 16-29.05

30.06* - 17 20 10 (17.05)

1985 13.05 - 1

1986 14.05-1.06 -,

9 8 (1.06)

1987 27.05 - 1

1988 19-31.05 - 63 40 (21.05)

1989 19-29.05 ,

34 20 (19.05)

1991 15.05 - 1

1993 25.06* 1 .

1995 26.05 - 20 ..

1996 27.05 ? ..

1997 16.05 - 16

1998 10.05-6.06 -,

12 9 (10.05)

1999 23.05 - ~50 ..

 

* staying character is not clear

 

10.05 (1998 .) 27.05 (1987 1996 .), (n = 18) 19.05. 1-14 , 1986 . 19 (14.05-1.06), 1998 . 28 (10.05-6.06). 2 3 (.). , (. 1).

 

 

( ) : 1949-1999 .

Distribution of records of the Rose-coloured Starling during spring migration (May June) by pentades: generalized data for 1949-1999, mountinous and flat Crimea.

 

(15.05, n = 18) , (9.05.1996 . 30.05.1993 .), (. 2). 28 (14.05-10.06. 1997 .).

 

2

 

Materials of observations on the spring migration of the Rose-coloured Starling in the flat Crimea

 

. -

Year Dates Place Counted Max. number Source

birds and date of information

 

1949 20-31.05

- 121 120 (20.05) ..

1971 13.05-4.06 . ;

. ; 600-700 >=550 (17.05) ..

.

1972 19.05 . 15-20 ..

1975 17-21.05 . 8 7 (17.05) ..

1979 12-18.05 . 30-40 ? ..

1985 11.05 . 41

1987 15.05 . 41

1988 14-18.05 . 27 11 (18.05)

1990 14-26.05 . 15 13 (26.05)

1991 11-19.05 . 22 16 (11.05)

1992 9-15.05 . 11 8 (15.05)

1993 30.05-21.06* . 23 14 (21.06)

1994 16-21.05 . 27 13 (20.05)

1995 15-21.05 . 97 43 (15.05)

1996 10.05-3.06 . ;

.;

. ; 305 165 (13.05)

.

1997 14.05-10.06 . ; ,

- 85 39 (21.05) ..

1998 14-26.05 . 71 37 (26.05)

1999 21-23.05 . ;

. ;

. ; 403 250 (23.05)

. ; . ;

.

 

* staying character is not clear

 

, 3 30.06.1984 ., 21.06.1993 . 25.06.1993 ., , .

. , (. , 18.05.1979 .), - ( , 1-4.06.1971 .), (. , 20.05. 1971 .), - (. , 13.05.1971 .) (. , . , 23.05.1999 .). , , .

. , . , . . ( .. . 120 ; . 25-30 . - 30 (. 2)). . , , . - , - (, 1995). . , , (Sturnus vulgaris).

, , . , (-) , . 10.07. 1874 . . (, 1891/1892), 1897 . .. (1906). - ( .. ). , , .

, , : 6.08.1896 . . ( ) (, 1906) 1950 . . ( .. ). 28.08.1966 .: 5-8 . (.. ) , , , . .

 

 

2 XIX XX . (, 1891/1892) - (, ), .. (1874) (- ). .. (1906) . .. (1933) 1925 ., .

 

3

 

Distribution and long-term dynamics of nesting number of the Rose-coloured Starling in natural biotopes of the Crimea

 

Year Place of observations Habitat Number Source

1925 -, . , 1933

1934 -,

. ~250 , 1955

1948 , . , 1951

1950 -, . 800 , 1951

1951 -, . +* ,

1970 -, . ~2500 , 1983

1972 -, . ? + ,

1973 -, . ,

1978 -, . , 1983

1979 -, . , 1983

1983 -, . 4-4,5 .

600-800 , 1987;

250 , 1991

1984 -, . , 1991

1985 -, . 360 , 1991

~5000 , 1991

1986 -, . ~150 , 1991

1995 -,

~4500

, . ~1000 ., 1995

1996 -, .

, . ~1600

1997 -, . 400

600

~4000

1998 -, .

1999 -, . ~1000

 

 * + , nested, but data about number are absent.

 

3 . 2 ( . ) 1 (. 3, 4). 2 : ( ), . (, 1987; , 1991; , , 1999).

 

4

 

Distribution and number of the Rose-coloured Starling in anthropogenous habitats of the Crimea according to the data of recent years

 

Year Place of observations Habitat Number Source

1992

- 9 .* ., 1996

1995 -, . 600

1996 -, . ~1500

-, . + ..

-, . ~150 . ..

-, . ~2000 .

, . 1500 .

, . 1600 .

450

, . 800

. 1200 .

1600 .

1997 -, . + ..

-, . ~700 ad ..

1998 , ~1000 ..

, . ~900 ..

-, . ~600

1999 , . ~200 ..

 

 * Breeding is presumable.

 

1992 1998 . , . 13 ( ., 1995, 1996; , 1999; , , 1999).

, , , 3 . 1) : 7 , . . 5 ( ) 2 . 2) : 6 , 5 (3 , 1 , 1 ) 1 . 3) : 3 , .

(11) 1996 . ; 10 90 % .

2 3 . 1950 ., .. , . 16.05; 1999 . 27.05 (.. , . .).

, .. (1954), 19.05. , . 19.05.1996 ., , . 26.06.1996 ., , , , . . . . 12.06.1999 .

, .. (1955), . . 19.05.1996 . 1997 . . , , . 12.06.1999 . 4 . ( 10- ) 20.06. 1998 . . ; .. (1991) 1983 . .

5 10.07 (, 1951; , 1983; , 1991), : 5.07.1995 . 13.07.1996 . ( 70 %) . . , . , 1996 . . 26.06, . 29.06. 1997 . . 12.06 .

, , , (, 1991). 4 (Bromus sp. Anisantha sp.: 60 %), ( 10 %) . 25-40 . , , . (, 1991). , , . 5-15 8 . 譭, , , .

(. , 1999 .) : Anisantha tectorum (60 %), Bromus squarrosus (10 %) 80 %; Artemisia sp., Dorycnium herbaceum, Althaea sp. . 5-10%; 10 %* . ( ) . .

. , () . , (. , 1996 .) : 320 , 120 , 80 . 5-6, , 30-50 .

5 , 12.06.1999 . . , 4 ( 2 ) 5 ( 3 ) . (c. , . ; n = 30): 25,0 31,6 (M = 28,0 0,3) , 19,0 22,2 (M = 20,7 0,1) .

 

 

(, 1951, 1955; , 1983; , 1991). , - , , (70-100 %): 62 %; , , , , 2 60 %; 8,8 % 3,1-17,5 %, 90 % . (, 1955). , : , 29.06.1996 . c. 45 %, 45 %, 10 %.

: . (19.05.1996 .) 500-800 ., . (12.06.1999 .) 1 . : . (12.06.1997 .) 6 , . 1,5 . .. () 10- .

 

 

, ( ) ( ), .

90- ., 1996 ., . , , . , , . , , , , , 30 (, 1974).

, . ; 2-3 ( ). 1 ( 1999 .), ( ) .

 

  

 

.. (1951): . - . . 2: 11-19.

.. (1955): . - . . 9: 111-131

.. (1999): - , 1996-1997 . - , - . . 4-6.

.., .., .. (1995): . - . 2-3: 7.

.., .., .. (1996): . - - . 7-9 1995 ., . ͳ. . 163-173.

.. (1995): . - . . 1: 30-38.

.. (1987): , . - . . 5: 61-63.

.. (1974): . - . -: . 5: 26-35.

.. (1991): . - . -: . 78-90.

.. (1983): . .: . 1-240.

.., .. (1999): . - , - . . 23-26.

.. (1906): ( . ). - . . . . . . 7: 248-301.

.. (1891/1892): . . 1-484.

.. (1954): . - . .: . 5: 108-142.

. (1898): -. . 1-103.

. (1994): . .: ୿ . 1-464.

.. (1874): , .. . - . . - ., . . 10 (2): 82-96.

Pusanow I. (1933): Versuch einer Revision der Taurischen Ornis. - Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscou. 42 (1): 3-40.

 

(Ukraine),

334270, , . ,

. , 23, . 108.

.. .