Birds of Dvorichansky National Park and its outskirts (Kharkiv region). - M.V. Banik, M.O. Vysochin, A.A. Atemasov, T.A. Atemasova, T.N. Devyatko. - Berkut. 22 (1). 2013. -
Dvorichansky National Park (north-eastern part of Kharkiv region, NE Ukraine) was organised in 2009 with an aim to protect unique chalk steppes rich in endemic plant species. The park is situated in a valley of Oskil river. It is the main tributary of Siversky Donets river, the biggest watercourse of Eastern Ukraine. Main habitats within the park territory are chalk steppe and chalk outcrops, oak forests and flood-plain meadows. The total of 188 bird species was recorded in the park and its outskirts (Dvorichansky district of Kharkiv region) since the inception of bird surveys in the area in late XIX century. According to the data gathered in 2008–2013 years, 133 species are now certainly or probably breeding in the study area including some rare species e.g. Ruddy Shelduck, Scops Owl and Paddyfield Warbler. The waterfowl and waterbirds are underrepresented due to general scarcity of wetland habitats within the territory. Consequently, small-sized yet unique steppe lakes situated on third terrace of Oskil river valley host a bunch of species e.g. Little Grebe, Black-necked Grebe, Red-necked Grebe, Pochard, Paddyfield Warbler and others which breed exclusively in this habitat. In last decade Redshank, Jackdaw, Rook, Pied Flycatcher and Isabelline Wheatear ceased breeding in the area due to shifts of the ranges caused mainly by changes in agricultural practice in post-Soviet time. [Russian].
Key words: fauna, habitat distribution, breeding, migration, protected area.
Address: M.V. Banik, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Research Institute of Biology; Svobody sq., 4, Kharkiv, 61022, Ukraine; e-mail: mbanik@mail.ru.