Study on some waterfowls of Mangla Dam, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. - M.N. Khalique, M. Rais, T. Mehmood, M. Anwar, S. Ali, S. Bilal, B. Kabeer. - Berkut. 21 (1-2). 2012. - P. 44-49.
The present study documented diversity of waterfowls belonging to orders Anseriformes, Gruiformes and Charadriformes at Mangla Dam Reservoir in Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan from November, 2009 to July, 2010. We recorded 31 species of waterfowls from four sampling sites of the dam. The notable categories included nine duck species (29%), nine shorebird species (29%), four gull species (13%), five tern species (16%) and four species of rallids (13%). Wintering species dominated in the fauna (N = 23; 74%) followed by resident species (N = 5; 16%). We recorded 4774 individuals with a population density of 6.0 ind./ha. Common Gull (10.9%) and Common Pochard (9.8%) were the most abundant species. The abundance of waterfowls varied among the sampling sites as the medians of number of individuals differed significantly (P < 0.05). Illegal hunting of waterfowls was recorded as the main threat at the dam. We believe that there is sufficient justification for inclusion of the dam in the list of wetlands of international importance of the country. It is suggested that data on waterfowl population, species richness and conservation status should be collected on regular basis in future. [English].
Key words: number, species diversity, relative abundance, population density, Important Bird Area.
Address: M. Rais, PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Department of Wildlife Management; Rawalpindi, Pakistan; e-mail: sahil@uaar.edu.pk.