Principles of the analysis of structure Chaffinch song. Individual variability of song. - O.A. Astakhova, I.R. Byome. - Berkut. 16 (2). 2007. - P. 264-269.
Song of birds is subtle and flexible species specific feature like as the morphology signs. Species specific song of chaffinch can be judged precise character under the image on sonogramms. The song has the certain structure and shares on making parts, elements. Individual variability of songs of one type will consist in unique singing each of chaffinch males, forming a local population. [Russian].
Key words: Chaffinch, Fringilla coelebs, song type, song structure, song elements.
Address: O.A. Astakhova, I.R. Byome, Biological faculty, Moscow university, Vorobyovy gory, 1/12, 119992 Moscow, Russia; e-mail:,