Migrations of geese of the genus Anser in the area of the East Carpathians. - Lugovoy A.E., Potish L.A. - Berkut. 5 (1). 1996. P. 71-78.
The active spring and in the less degree autumn migrations of geese wintering in the Pannonian lowland go through the East Carpathians. In some years birds begun the wintering in the Netherlands and later moved themselves in the Danube basin are observed here too. In these cases the number of the White-fronted Goose increases among migrating birds. As a rule the Bean Goose dominates, the White-fronted Geese and the Greylag Geese go then. Geese accumulate themselves before the migration over the Carpathians on overflows of the Tisa, Latoritsa and other rivers of the Transcarpathian lowland and big reservoirs of the East Slovakia since the middle of January and beginning of February. Peak numbers of the spring migration is in the second ten-day of March. In autumn it is in the first and second ten-days of October (Table 1). Autumn migrations are longer than spring ones. Figure 4 shows flyways of the geese migration through Transcarpathian region. The spring migration course in the Uzh river valley (Uzhgorod city) in 1995 is presented on the Figure 5. Observations were carried out during 2 hours in morning. Since 19.02 to 11.03 no less than 4000 geese have flown here. 36 flocks were counted with total numbers of geese in 2030 individuals; 48,3 individuals in 1 hour. The general direction of the geese migration in the Transcarpathians is East, but it can change to northeast or north depending on the landscape (Fig. 3). Flocks in 40-70 geese are most numerous (Table 4). The problem of the conservation of spring waterfowl accumulations in the Transcarpathian region are discussed. [Russian].
Key words: Transcarpathians, geese, migration, number, flyway, flock, accumulation, conservation.